Here is the daily roundup and summary of the major headlines coming out of Sudan. United to End Genocide does not necessarily support the views expressed in the articles in this post.
Hilde Johnson, Special Representative and Head of the UN Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS), said that South Sudan has made progress on building state institutions and reintegrating militias into the army, but is still unable to protect its civilians from rebel attacks and inter-communal ethnic violence. South Sudan has created its legislature and integrated three different rebel groups into the national army. Unfortunately deadly cattle raids between ethnic communities and the rebel South Sudan Liberation Army (SSLA) show the work South Sudan must do to provide security to its citizens.
Sudan’s Bashir vows imminent liberation of border town—Sudan Tribune
Sudanese President Omer El-Bashir declared that the Sudanese Armed Forces and Popular Defense Forces are planning an immediate attack on the rebel-held town of Al-Kurmuk in Blue Nile. The Sudanese Armed Forces have been running bombing raids over civilian areas in the Blue Nile, killing civilians, and displacing tens of thousands.
SPLA & SAF exchange accusations—Miraya FM
South Sudan and Sudan have again traded accusations that the other is fomenting armed rebellion in their country. South Sudan accused Sudan of training the rebel South Sudan Liberation Army (SSLA) that recently attacked the town of Mayom in Unity state, killing 11 civilians and injuring 60 more. The South Sudanese Minister of Information, Dr. Benjamin Marial said that rebels who have accepted amnesty said they had been trained by Sudan. Sudan has also accused South Sudan of supporting the rebel Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) who is fighting against the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) in South Kordofan and Blue Nile.
Sudan: Fighting in Sudan driving people to the south, says OCHA –Afrique en lingue
According to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) 18,000 people have fled into South Sudan’s Unity state from Sudan’s South Kordofan. Fighting between the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) and Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N), coupled with the government’s direct targeting of civilians with aerial bombardment have caused civilians to flee the area for safety in South Sudan.
Spokesman for Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA), Philip Aguer accused the rebel militia South Sudan Liberation Army (SSLA) of discouraging people from cooperating with the disarmament process in Greater Bahr el Ghazal and Unity state. The disarmament process has been successful so far with 6,000 weapons collected in Warrap State, 1,000 in Unity state, and 10,000 in Lakes state.
Army accused of assaulting refugees—Radio Dabanga
Members of the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) reportedly beat several displaced persons at the Mornei camp in West Darfur as they were returning home from the market. The SAF personnel allegedly beat the refugees using whips and sticks, severely injuring several of them, including a pregnant woman. Witnesses said these attacks by SAF personnel are typical and that UNAMID is unable to do anything to stop them.
The Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) announced that it is still battling the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) in South Kordofan in what is now the second day of fighting. This announcement came in reaction to the Sudanese Armed Forces declaring that South Kordofan has been quiet since they repulsed the SPLM’s attack on Teludi on Tuesday. Both sides have declared they won the battle of Teludi and inflicted heavy loses on their enemy. Due to restrictions to aid and SAF aerial bombardments, no independent witnesses have been able to confirm or deny the reports by combatants.
Libya: Weapons being smuggled to Darfur—Radio Dabanga
The National Transitional Council, Libya’s interim government, reported that weapons have been smuggled into Darfur, Sudan and asked that the international community to help stem the flow of pilfered weapons out of Libya. A spokesman for the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) denied having any evidence that Libyan weapons were ending up in Darfur. The Darfuri rebel Justice and Equality Movement (JEM), however, accused Khartoum of smuggling rockets and ammunition into Sudan through Libya.
British government declines direct assistance—Radio Dabanga
The British government has refused to provide direct assistance to Sudan and cited the ongoing conflicts in Darfur, South Kordofan, and Blue Nile as the reason for the refusal. The UK will instead give £4.8 million of aid to 318,000 civilians affected by the conflicts.
Two battalions of South Sudan’s federal army, the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA), will be deployed to the Unity state later this week to help in the process of disarming civilians. Despite an end of hostilities with Sudan over six years ago, weapons are still common in South Sudan. Inter-communal violence and cattle-raiding has made clear the necessity of disarming the citizenry.
A spokesman for Sudan’s ruling National Congress Party (NCP) said the formation of the cabinet is still waiting on the outcome of negotiations with the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP). Despite winning handedly in the controversial April 2010 election, the National Congress Party sought to bolster government legitimacy by encouraging opposition parties to take limited roles in the government. Many of the opposition parties have already refused to take part in the NCP government, but the membership of the DUP party has been divided on the issue. The NCP said the cabinet would be formed in a matter of days after receiving DUP’s final decision.
Spate of attacks in Kabkabiya—Radio Dabanga
Three civilians were injured in the Kabkabiya area of North Darfur when unidentified armed men opened fire on their truck on Wednesday. The men escaped to nearby woods, and the armed men stole their truck. In a separate incident, a farmer was seriously injured when three armed men stabbed him while he was working in his field in West Kabkabiya.