Here is the daily roundup and summary of the major headlines coming out of Sudan. United to End Genocide does not necessarily support the views expressed in the articles in this post.
Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) spokesman Al-Sawarmi Khalid Sa’ad claims that SAF has retaken the town of Sali from the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) forces. Sali is only 9 miles from the SPLM-N stronghold area of Al-Kurmuk. An SPLM-N spokesperson denied these claims.
Sudanese refugees who fled to Ethiopia from the fighting in Blue Nile are being transferred to a camp farther away from the Ethiopian-Sudanese border. The UN High Commissioner for Refugees said the refugees are being moved away from the border area for fear that the fighting between the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) and Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North rebels will spill over the border and put refugee lives at risk.
ICC demands explanation from Malawi—Radio Dabanga
The International Criminal Court (ICC) is demanding an explanation from the Malawi government as to why they did not arrest Sudanese President Omer El-Bashir when he came to Malawi for a regional economic conference. Malawi is a signatory to the Rome Statue and was obligated to implement the ICC’s arrest warrant for Bashir, who is wanted for charges of committing genocide in Darfur. In further developments, the ICC is requiring that Malawi submit a written document detailing their failure to arrest Bashir, to be submitted no latter than November 11, 2011.
High-ranking Chinese political leader, Li Changchun met with Pagan Amum, Secretary-General of South Sudan’s Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) party and pledged to establish friendly and mutually-beneficial relations between the two countries. China has been a close ally with Sudan before the secession of the south, and had traded weapons to Khartoum for oil. With the secession of South Sudan where the majority of the oils is, Sudan has lost much of its oil revenue. As a result China has had to reconsider its relations with Sudan and South Sudan, and is working on improving its relationship with oil-rich South Sudan.
South Sudan Says Black Market Currency Trading Fuels Inflation—Bloomberg Businessweek
Workers at South Sudan’s Central Bank are suspected of being involved in black market currency trading. Deputy Finance Minister Marial Awou Yol says this black market trading is behind South Sudan’s rising inflation. Undercover Ministry of National Security agents will be placed in the banks to investigate the workers. Consumer prices have risen 61.5 percent due to inflation since last year.
On the Anniversary of the Organization for African Unity’s (OAU) adoption of the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights, head of the UN-AU Mission in Darfur (UNAMID) praised the efforts of UNAMID and pledged a continued commitment to protecting the rights of the people of Darfur.
Rebels of the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) denounced head of UNAMID Ibrahim Gambari’s statement following a meeting by 14 international envoys in El-Geneina. Gambari said that the special envoy representatives had decided to push rebels to sign the Doha Darfur Peace Document and use “targeted measures” against those rebel groups that refused to sign. The JEM rebels believe that this statement reflects Gambari’s opinion and is not necessarily what the envoys agreed to.
‘Cease military hostilities, join peace process’—Radio Dabanga
Fourteen special envoys publicly asked the rebels in Darfur to put down their weapons and sign the Doha Darfur Peace Document (DDPD) saying that further conflict is not in the best interest of the people of Darfur. The envoys demanded Sudan bring the perpetrators of atrocities in Darfur to justice and begin development projects in the region to establish lasting peace.
‘Exert pressure on the government’—Radio Dabanga
Rebel groups in Darfur have released statements in response to the 14 envoys calling on them to join the peace process. The rebels requested that the UN-AU Mission in Darfur (UNAMID) return to its principal responsibility of protecting Darfur’s civilians from the military actions by the Sudanese government and stop painting the rebels as the primary perpetrators of violence in the region.
The government of Sudan again pledged support for Libya’s National Transitional Council (NTC) after receiving news of deposed Libyan dictator Muammar Gaddafi capture and death. The NTC is made up of the groups that opposed the dictatorial rule of Gaddafi. Gaddafi’s vows to violently crush the demonstrations of Libyan’s protesting for democracy sparked the authorization of a no-fly zone by the UN Security Council that was implemented by NATO. NTC fighters quickly overtook the country and finally captured Gaddafi’s stronghold of Sirte, where they found Gaddafi attempting to flee. He was initially captured and then killed in a firefight, according to reports by the NTC fighters.
President of Eritrea, Isaias Afwerki, and Sudanese President Omer El-Bashir met in Khartoum to discuss the relations between their two countries. The President’s talked about opening a new road between the two countries and discussed problems associated with the creation of the Merewoe Dam project.