Here is the daily roundup and summary of the major headlines coming out of Sudan. United to End Genocide does not necessarily support the views expressed in the articles in this post.
Inside Sudan’s rebel territory, Anatovs are lurking—Radio Netherlands Worldwide
Bombing raids by the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) are continuing in Blue Nile where they are killing and maiming civilians. The former elected governor of Blue Nile, Malik Agar was deposed by the Sudanese government when the rebellion in Blue Nile began is now leading the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) rebel group. Agar says the bombings has not undermined support for the SPLM-N, and has instead caused young men angry at the bombings to join their ranks.
The Man Who Stayed Behind—NY Times
Ryan Boyette travelled to the Nuba Mountains in Sudan with the humanitarian organization Samaritan’s Purse in 2003, where he married a Nuban woman, Jazira. When the war in South Kordofan began Samaritian’s Purse tried to pull Boyette out of the area for his safety. He refused to leave and instead pulled together a team of 15 people to investigate attacks on civilians in the area. Their reports have been sent to journalists and the Enough Project.
South Sudan and China commit to stronger ties—Sudan Tribune
In a meeting in Beijing, leading party leaders from South Sudan and China vowed to strengthen the relations between the two countries. Secretary-general of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) party in South Sudan, Pagan Amum and senior leader in the Communist Party of China, Li Changchun met on Friday to work on improving relations between the two countries. China has long had a strong relationship with Sudan in which they traded weapons for Sudanese oil. With the independence of South Sudan, which has 75 percent of Sudanese oil, China has moved to strengthen its relationship with the world’s newest nation.
US Special Envoy to Sudan, Princeton Lyman, called on the Sudanese government to allow international humanitarian organizations into Blue Nile and South Kordofan to evaluate the level of humanitarian need. Khartoum criticized the international community for blaming the Sudanese government for the humanitarian crisis instead of the rebels, whom the government says started the fighting. The Sudanese government has blocked all humanitarian access to Blue Nile and South Kordofan and has run bombing raids that are targeting and displacing civilians.
Renault stops assembling of its trucks in Sudan—Sudan Tribune
Stefano Chmielewski, President of the French company Renault Trucks, announced that the company had cancelled a contract with the Sudan to assemble its trucks in the Giad industrial complex some three years ago. This announcement came after Renault was accused by IPIS of manufacturing trucks the Sudanese government was using in counterinsurgency efforts in Darfur. Chmielewski defended the company, saying the contract had been cancelled three years ago and that they were not responsible for the way the Sudanese government was using Renault trucks already in their possession.
WFP Food thefts to be investigated—Miraya FM
Rizig Dominic, Commissioner of Raja County in South Sudan announced that a committee was established at the end of last week to investigate the theft of food supplies from the World Food Programme storehouse that occurred in August. Dominic pledged that those responsible would be caught and prosecuted.
Leader of the Liberation and Justice Movement (LJM), Tijani el-Sissi was made head of the Darfur Regional Authority by his former enemy President of Sudan, Omer El-Bashir. The LJM and the Sudanese government signed the Doha Darfur Peace Document (DDPD), on the condition that the LJM be integrated into the regional government. Sissi stated that there was still plenty of work to be done to implement the DDPD and urged the government to work to allow Darfur refugees to return home. He said the government has already pledged $2billion a year to that purpose. Sissi also urged other rebel groups to sign the DDPD and lay down arms.
‘Janjaweed fighters flown in to Blue Nile’—Radio Dabanga
Yasser Saeed Arman, secretary general of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) rebel group, claims that the government-organized Janjaweed militias are being flown to Blue Nile to fight the SPLM-N and attack civilians. The Janjaweed became infamous internationally for their devastating and genocidal attacks on civilians in Darfur. Arman also denounced claims by the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) that they had won the battle at Sali, saying instead that the SPLM-N had won.
Ali Ahmed Osman, Sudan’s Minister of Oil, announced that he expects a deal with South Sudan on oil revenue to be reached soon. He revealed that the current proposal would mean South Sudan would pay a fixed fee of $32 per barrel of oil that is transited through Sudan’s pipelines. The deal is meant to soften the blow to Sudan’s revenue stream that occurred when oil-rich South Sudan seceded.
Iran and Sudan to develop bilateral relations—Sudan Tribune
Mahmoud Amadinejad, President of Iran, declared intentions to improve bilateral relations with Sudan on the basis of “common Islamic values” in a meeting on October 22nd with the Sudanese ambassador to Iran, Mir-Ghani Ababakar. Sudanese President Omer El-Bashir announced earlier this month that Sudan would be adopting a new constitution based on Islamic law.
Onyoti Adigo, leader of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement for Democratic Change (SPLM-DC), accused the South Sudanese government headed by the Sudan People’s Liberation movement (SPLM) of arresting three of its officials for criticizing the president. The SPLM-DC broke away from the SPLM in 2009, and has become one of the major opposition parties in South Sudan. Adigo called the arrests unacceptable.
Paul Akol, Chairman of the Youth League of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM), said that tribalism obstructs efforts to build the South Sudanese nation and urged citizens to look beyond their ethnic identities.
The UN voiced support for the peace talks that occurred between the Lou Nuer and Murle communities in an effort to end the inter-communal violence that convulsed the Jonglei state. Hilde Johnson, head of the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS), said the UN would help keep the peace reached at the talks by providing satellite monitoring of the area and teams dedicated to maintaining peace.
A report published by the Strategic Initiative for Women in the Horn of Africa (SIHA) coalition revealed continued challenges to women’s rights in both Sudan and South Sudan. The report shows domestic abuse, lack of female representation in government, sexual violence, high female illiteracy rates, and abuse of female political prisoners remain challenges to the rights of Sudanese women. The report emphasizes that the international community has the opportunity to improve conditions for women in South Sudan as the country is just beginning to form justice institutions.
Three women raped—Radio Dabanga
Three women from North Darfur’s Kassab camp for internally displaced people were raped last Friday. The women had left the camp to find wood for their cook stoves and were attacked by armed men who raped them and took their axes. The crimes were reported to UNAMID, who allegedly said they were unable to do anything without the permission of the Sudanese police. In turn, the Sudanese police refused to do anything saying they had no car on duty to handle the situation.
Sudan closes doors on opposition groups—Radio Dabanga
The government of Sudan has declared that it will no longer negotiate with the Darfur rebel groups that refused to sign the Doha Darfur Peace Document. The Liberation and Justice Movement (LJM) was the only rebel group that signed it. The Justice and Equality Movement (JEM), Sudan Liberation Army led by Minni Minnawi (SLA-MM), SLA led by Abdel Wahid (SLA-AW), and the Sudan Liberation Movement for Justice all took the government’s announcement as a declaration of war.
Nafie Ali Nafie, Deputy Head of Sudan’s ruling National Congress Party, said regional and international events have opened up opportunities that Sudan can use to its advantage. Nafie was referring in part to the regime-changes in Libya and Egypt, the past governments of which Sudan had sometimes accused of conspiring against Sudanese interests. He also said that the diminished role of the West in international bodies, including the UN, will give Sudan the ability to negotiate as an equal with the governments’ of the West.
The National Congress Party (NCP), Sudan’s ruling party, recently expressed hope that the opposition party, Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) may still choose to join their government. The incumbent NCP wants the two largest opposition parties DUP and the National Umma Party (NUP) to join the government in limited roles in order to bolster the legitimacy of the NCP regime. The government hopes that allowing the two parties to participate in the government will prevent them from aligning themselves with other opposition parties that advocating for regime change.