Here is the daily roundup and summary of the major headlines coming out of Sudan. United to End Genocide does not necessarily support the views expressed in the articles in this post.
The South Sudanese army attacked the rebel South Sudan Liberation Army (SSLA) in the town of Mayom in the Unity State. Eighty people were killed, of which 60 were rebels. The South Sudanese military admitted that at least 15 civilians were killed in the action when they were caught in the crossfire.
South Sudan rebels claim capture of Mayom town—Sudan Tribune
The South Sudan Liberation Army (SSLA) claims that it captured Mayom town from South Sudanese government forces in the Unity State. This report contrasts with South Sudanese government reports that announced that 60 SSLA rebels had been killed by the South Sudanese army in the battle for Mayom town.
Sudan rules out Abyei swap deal with South—Sudan Tribune
Sudan refused to consider a deal put forward by South Sudan that would have given Sudan discounted oil, money, and forgiveness of oil debts in exchange for the Abyei region. Sudan’s ruling National Congress Party said that they will not compromise on Abyei or tolerate a second army in that region. Both Sudan and South Sudan were required to withdraw their armies from Abyei by September 30th, and have not done so.
Head of AU arrives in Abyei—Miraya FM
Thabo Mbeki, former president of South Sudan and Chairman on the African Union High Level Implementation Panel, traveled to the contested Abyei region to evaluate the failed withdrawal of Sudanese and South Sudanese forces. Following a peace agreement made in June, Sudan and South Sudan were required to withdraw their armies from Abyei by September 30th. Neither have done so, despite the deployment of the UN Interim Security Force for Abyei (UNISFA). Mbeki is working to get South Sudan and Sudan to withdraw.
Nearly 400 students from the University of Kassala are demanding the chancellor step down following three weeks of protests that have been violently dispersed by the police. The students have been protesting against high education fees and the worsening economy for three weeks.
Six seriously injured in Kassala protests—Radio Dabanga
Twenty students were injured in protests in Kassala in east Sudan when police used tear gas to disperse the demonstrations. The students have been protesting against the government and rising food prices for three weeks.
The newly-appointed Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations Herve Ladsous visited the UN-AU Mission in Darfur as his first field operation. While there, he praised the mission’s success in causing an overall reduction in violence. Statistics recorded by United to End Genocide and humanitarian aid organizations do not support UNAMID’s reports that show a reduction of violence.
50 Gold mining contracts signed in Sudan—Sudan Tribune
Sudan has signed 50 more gold exploration contracts to minerals firms. Sudan is hoping to replace the oil revenue it lost when South Sudan seceded with other minerals industries, especially gold. These 50 new licenses will bring the total number of exploration licenses Sudan has issued to 200.
Chinese firm wins contract for S. Sudan’s new capital—Sudan Tribune
The Pan-China Construction Group won the bid to design and build South Sudan’s new capital city of Ramciel. South Sudan and Pan-China Construction Group must sign a memorandum of understanding before the project can begin.
Former child soldiers return home—Miraya FM
Twenty child soldiers who fought under Peter Gadet and Gatluak Gai are being sent home as part of the larger effort to demobilize the two rebel forces. The government of South Sudan, the UN Mission in South Sudan, and various non-governmental organizations took part in the process to demobilize the child soldiers and send them back to their hometowns.
President of Sudan Omer El-Bashir praised his ruling National Congress Party (NCP) for thwarting public demonstrations that might have led to regime change. He accused opposition parties of being undemocratic. He also dismissed Sudan’s economic troubles saying that he had no regrets on signing the Comprehensive Peace Agreement and that the economic problems were worldwide and not specific to Sudan.
Two armed groups merge with Minni Minnawi—Radio Dabanga
The Revolutionary Liberation Forces (RLF) led by Mussa Jaden and the Sudan Liberation Front (SLF) led by Abu Bakr Kadu have merged with the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA-MM) led by Minni Minnawi. Minni Minnawi welcomed the inclusion of the two rebel groups into the Sudan Liberation Army and said a unified opposition was the first step to bringing down the regime in Khartoum.
SPLM-N: 22 army personnel killed—Radio Dabanga
The Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) announced that it had killed 22 Sudanese Armed Forces soldiers outside Kadugli in South Kordofan. They also claim to have captured tanks, weapons, fuel, and ammunition.
1,500 Zaghawa tribespeople displaced—Radio Dabanga
Over 1,500 members of the Zaghawa tribe were displaced from the Al Tuesha locality in north Darfur by armed militias that killed 10 people and wounded 30. The displaced are currently living in the area between North Darfur and North Kordofan without food or shelter. According to refugees, the commissioner would not let the refugees stay in North Darfur on the orders of the state and central government.
Yasir Arman, Secretary General of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement- North (SPLM-N), asked that the international community withhold economic aid to Sudan until Sudan agrees to end military actions in South Kordofan and Blue Nile.
Vice President for the ruling National Congress Party (NCP), al-Haj Adam Youssef said that dialogue with opposition parties on joining the NCP government “cannot continue forever”. Although the NCP won the election in April 2010, many of the parties boycotted elections. In an effort to bolster the government’s legitimacy, the NCP invited the opposition parties to participate in the government in limited roles. However, opposition parties have been reluctant to join the government, and the NCP has grown frustrated with the lengthy and fruitless negotiations with opposition parties.