Here is the daily roundup and summary of the major headlines coming out of Sudan. SDC/GI-NET does not necessarily support the views expressed in the articles in this post
UNAMID peacekeepers witnessed a Sudanese Armed Forces gunship firing rockets in near Umgafala village in the Khor Abeche area of South Darfur. Witnesses in the village confirmed the sighting. No one was killed or injured, and no property was destroyed.
Omar al-Bashir said that an oil agreement with South Sudan must be reached by the end of October, warning that, “If we don’t reach a solution we have our options to resolve this issue”. It is not clear whether or not this warning was to be taken as a subtle threat of violence against the newly independent South Sudan. Negotiations between South Sudan and Sudan continue as the two countries negotiate the dollar amount Sudan will receive from southern oil.
The Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) removed Mohamed Bahr Ali Hamdein from his post as head of the delegation to the Doha peace negotiations. JEM accused Hamdein of conspiring to sign the Doha Darfur Peace Document without authorization from leadership in attempt to arrange a coup against them. Hamdein is currently in Dubai.
Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad arrived in Khartoum yesterday with an envoy of government officials to strengthen the ties between Iran and Sudan. Sudan is looking for Iran’s help with its economic problems, some of which stems from losing its oil revenue to South Sudan. Iran is one of Sudan’s main investors and has offered Sudan $200 million to improve the eastern region of Sudan. Both Sudan and Iran are sanctioned by the US and considered sponsors of terrorism.
South Sudan is planning to demobilize 150,000 soldiers from the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) and other armed forces. Specifically 80,000 soldiers from SPLA, and 70,000 people from police, fire brigade, wild life and other armed forces will be disarmed. The demobilization of the 150,000 soldiers is in keeping with South Sudan’s obligation under the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement.
Sudan’s rebels report air attacks in border states—Sudan Tribune
The Sudan People’s Liberation Movement North (SPLM-N) say the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) have bombed the Blue Nile, displacing half of the population and asked for aid for civilians. They claim the SAF are averaging six airstrikes a day in the Blue Nile. They also say that 96 bombs were dropped on Kajama in South Kordofan on Sunday. The SPLM-N claim that these bombs were “Iran made”.
The Tripartite Mechanism, made up of the representatives from the Government of Sudan, African Union and United Nations, met in New York to discuss UNAMID’s progress in Darfur. The Tripartite Mechanism said UNAMID has contributed to progress on the ground, citing evidence that fatalities and carjacking incidents have gone down since 2010. The remained concerned about the danger to aid personnel and access restrictions on UN personnel and aid workers that have prevented humanitarian aid from reaching civilians.
Sudan President Omer El-Bashir has stated that any negotiations on the border states of Blue Nile and South Kordofan must stay true to the border for Sudan and South Sudan agreed upon in the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) of 2005. While the CPA gave South Sudan a referendum to decide independence, Blue Nile and South Kordofan were not given the option to secede from Sudan. President Bashir accused South Sudan of arranging the CPA in such a way as to keep pockets of rebellion open in Blue Nile and South Kordofan.
Clashes in Saraf Umra—UNAMID
UNAMID reported that clashes between farmers and nomads occurred in Tamaru village near Saraf Umra. Three farmers and two nomads were killed in the clashes.
South Sudan’s president, Salva Kiir Mayardit, asked the UN General Assembly to help him in rebuilding war-torn South Sudan and promised not to interfere with the internal issues in Sudan. Kiir also asked for help in demarcating the border between the two countries.
Sudanese army kills two villagers North Darfur – rebels—Sudan Tribune
The Sudan Liberation Army led by Minni Minnawi accused the Sudanese Armed Forces of killing two people and wounding 20 others from the village of Kroya Laban in North Darfur. They urged UNAMID to investigate the incident. UNAMID warns that tensions over water and arable land have the potential to cause continuing conflict.
Al-Sadiq al-Mahdi, leader of the National Umma Party (NUP) issued a formal statement from the party declaring that NUP will not participate in the new government of Sudan because the National Congress Party (NCP) is not serious about power-sharing. The incumbent NCP won the recent election by large margins, but wants to bolster its legitimacy by allowing the National Umma Party and Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) to participate in small numbers. The NCP expressed regret when they heard NUP’s decision.