Here is the daily roundup and summary of the major headlines coming out of Sudan. United to End Genocide does not necessarily support the views expressed in the articles in this post.
Yesterday a UNAMID patrol was ambushed by armed men in the Zamzam refugee camp. Two UN soldiers and one UN police advisor were killed and another six were injured. UNAMID has demanded Sudan’s government investigate the incident. Killing UN peacekeepers is considered a war crime.
Bashir admits Sudan’s grim economic situation –Sudan Tribune
Sudan’s President Omer El-Bashir has admitted that Sudan is facing economic hardship as a result of losing much of its oil revenue to South Sudan. President Bahir has pledged to tighten its control on the market in an effort to curb rising prices. Bashir has pledged to replace the loss of the oil industry with electric power, mineral, and agricultural industries.
Sudanese activists have started an initiative, called “A Charter of Rights for the Sudanese People: Towards a New Dawn” aimed at bringing “agents of change” together to work on regime change. The initiative seeks to bring together those people who are working for regime change, whether through peaceful means or armed revolt. The initiative wants to replace the current government with a democratic federalist system, where human rights are restored and marginalized groups are enfranchised.
The US requested that Sudan sever ties with Iran and Hamas, but Sudan has refused saying the US will not keep its pledge to normalize relations with Sudan anyway. The US said it will only normalize relations with Sudan if it cuts ties with Iran and Hamas, both of which are on US terrorism watch lists. The US has also demanded Sudan end the conflicts in Darfur, Blue Nile, and South Kordofan before relations will be normalized. Sudan has said that the US is using normalization as blackmail to dominate Sudan while pushing for regime change.
Malik Aggar, former elected governor of Blue Nile who was removed from his post by the Sudanese government, called for international pressure on Khartoum and humanitarian corridors to allow aid into the Blue Nile. Aggar also wants the international community to demand peace negotiations with government and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North, of which Aggar is member. The Sudanese government has refused to negotiate with rebels in South Kordofan and Blue Nile, saying instead that it will “purge” the states of rebels.
20 people were killed and 5 seriously injured when a landmine in Mankien district, Mayom County, Unity State exploded. South Sudan blamed the incident on a militia group loyal to Gai Yoach that was suspected to be behind a deadly landmine explosion in August.
Medical supplies are running low in Blue Nile hospitals that are treating civilians injured by bombs and shrapnel from Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) bombing raids. On hospital in Karmuk estimates it will run out of necessary supplies by the end of the week, saying it has gone through a six months worth of supplies in only one month due to the high number of civilians injured. Thousands have fled from the Blue Nile to refugee camps in Ethiopia.
South Sudan’s Minister for Humanitarian Affairs and Disaster Management Joseph Lual Acuil says that the program to relocate expatriates from Sudan to South Sudan will finish operations by December. The Minister said that between 400,000 and 100,000 people still have to return to South Sudan and that there are 11,000 in transit in Kosti and another 32,000 in transit in Renk.
Medical care ‘inaccessible’ for Darfuris—Radio Dabanga
A Radio Dabanga poll found that many in Darfur are unable to get medical treatment due to distance from medical centers and an inability to afford treatment. As a result Darfuris are at an increased risk of malnutrition, disease, infant and maternal mortality due to lack of access to medical treatment.
Sudan’s Bashir travels to Qatar for talks on Darfur—Sudan Tribune
Sudanese President Omer El-Bashir travelled to Qatar Monday to discuss the situation in Darfur with Emir Hamad Bin-Khalifah Al-Thani. Qatar had mediated an agreement between Sudan and a faction of the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM). The other faction of JEM wants the Doha Peace Process Document reopened for continued negotiations, which the Sudanese government refuses to allow. JEM has therefore united with Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) and other rebel groups to take down the government.
South Sudan refused to turn over the Sudan Yasir Arman, secretary-general of the Sudan People’s Liberation Army-North (SPLM-N) who is wanted by Sudan for “sedition and rebellious activities”. Arman has called for the overthrow of the National Congress Party (NCP). However, South Sudan has also pledged that it will not support the SPLM-N in its activities against the Sudanese government.
Darfur camps targeted by random attacks—Radio Dabanga
Attacks on civilians have occurred in the Khams Dagaig and Hamidiya camp in Zalingei, West Darfur, and the Donkoj, Naseem, and Jebel camps in Seraf Umra in North Darfur. Leaders of the camps say government forces, and the reserve forces Abu Tira are behind the attacks. They are demanding UNAMID fulfill its role and protect civilians.
Sudan, S. Sudan form committees to tackle post-split issues—Sudan Tribune
Sudan and South Sudan will form five task-force committees aimed at tackling the outstanding issues between the two nations. At their meeting this weekend, presidents Omer-El Bashir and Salva Kiir agreed that they will form committees working on issues of bilateral relations, economy, higher education, humanitarian affairs, and border security. The countries have agreed to cooperate on the economy, trade, military, security, and border control. They also agreed to coordinate humanitarian efforts across the border. They decided both countries will send monitoring teams into Abyei to work alongside the UN Interim Security Force for Abyei.
UNAMID discovered unexploded ordinance (UXOs) at Burgo Village in West Darfur. The UXOs have been taken out of the village and have been placed in safe location for disposal.
A local staff worker for UNAMID was released on Saturday without being charged. The UNAMID worker was detained more than a month ago on September 3rd 2011 in El-Fasher, Darfur.
Protesters arrested in S Kordofan—Radio Dabanga
The National Intelligence and Security Service (NISS) of Sudan has detained Hussein Al Haj Bakar and other civilians caught distributing pamphlets that called for a citizens to “protest against the rising inflation and bring down the system” in the Al Muglat locality of South Kordofan. Residents of the Al Tabaun area have demanded better health and education and given the commissioner one week to reach their demands. In related news workers for the Agricultural Department are considering going on strike after not receiving wages for 18 months.
Sudanese President Omer El-Bashir and South Sudanese President Salva Kiir renewed their commitment to peace between the two countries at the conclusion of President Salva Kiir’s visit. Although no final decisions were reached on the major unresolved issues between the two nations, the presidents did agree to create committees that had deadlines to resolve the issues.
SPLM-N claims gunning down 30 Sudanese soldiers—Radio Dabanga
The Sudan People’s Liberation Movement- North (SPLM-N) claimed to have killed 30 government soldiers in an ambush in Khor Adrak in Blue Nile on Saturday. A spokesman for the SPLM-N said that they are now in control in all conflict areas in Blue Nile and South Kordofan. The spokesman also claimed that the government killed 8 civilians that were not involved with rebel activites.
Murle and Lou Nuer hold peace meeting in Jonglei—Sudan Tribune
Leaders of the Murle and Lou Nuer communities of South Sudan met in Bor, Jonglei state for a conference aimed at resolving violence between the two communities. Inter-communal violence has killed around 1,000 people, often in the course of cattle raids. The leaders at the conference have pledged to discourage young men from responding with violence and taking weapons from rebel groups. They agreed that both communities must disarm and have security forces deployed between the two communities.
South Sudan’s Kiir arrives in Khartoum—Sudan Tribune
Salva Kiir, President of South Sudan, arrived in Khartoum on Saturday to discuss unresolved issues stemming from the Comprehensive Peace Agreement with President of Sudan Omer El-Bashir. Among the issues to be resolved is the status of the contested Abyei region, splitting oil revenue, and growing inflation. Both countries have failed to withdraw their troops from Abyei by the agreed upon deadline and the Sudanese government has refused to do so until the UN Interim Security Force for Abyei (UNISFA) has full deployed.